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29, July 2016

Leading the Way in War Work

Several women's organizations in St. Louis played pivotal roles in leading war-work efforts on the home front during World War I. Without these groups' backing, troops connected to the St. Louis region may not have retained the strength and morale needed to achieve success in the war. Read more »

9, November 2015

WWI Artifacts and Memories: Mother Goose in Wartime

Perhaps one of the more unique World War I artifacts in the Museum’s collection is a small booklet in the Library and Research Center titled Mother Goose in Wartime. The collection of wartime-themed nursery rhymes was illustrated by Gladys M. Wheat (the first female faculty member of the University of Missouri’s art department) and other University of Missouri art students. The content was written by George F. Nardin, also of the University of Missouri. Read more »

26, October 2015

WWI Artifacts and Memories: Joseph Garneau Weld

In the early years of the war many Missourians went overseas as drivers for the fleet of ambulances operating across France to carry the wounded from the front lines to hospitals. Among famous World War I ambulance drivers—including Walt Disney and Ernest Hemingway—was St. Louisan Joseph Garneau Weld. Weld, who went by “Garneau,” was born in Baltimore in 1897 and grew up in St. Louis. He joined the American Field Service, an American volunteer ambulance corps under the French Army, in October 1916. Read more »

21, September 2015

World War I Artifacts and Memories: The Preparedness Movement

As war broke out across Europe in August 1914, America was a country split. U.S. president Woodrow Wilson, a leader of the Progressive Movement, adopted a stance of strict neutrality for the United States, stating to Congress on August 19, 1914: Read more »

19, August 2015

WWI Artifacts and Memories: “Chow” Time

William H. Danforth was born in Mississippi County, Missouri, in 1870. An ambitious man, in 1894 he founded the Purina Mills Company at age 24. A significant producer of animal feed, the Purina Mills Company went on to expand into breakfast cereals and renamed the company the Ralston-Purina Company. The renaming was the result of an endorsement of their cereals by Webster Edgerly, founder of Ralstonism, a pseudo-health and social movement. Read more »

30, June 2015

WWI Artifacts and Memories: Branch Rickey

Best known as the man who broke the color barrier by signing Jackie Robinson to the Brooklyn Dodgers, Branch Rickey spent much of his baseball career in St. Louis—as a player, a manager, and in the front office for the St. Louis Browns and later the St. Louis Cardinals. Rickey played with the St. Louis Browns (1905 and 1906) and the New York Highlanders (1907). After putting up atrocious numbers, he decided to return to college to pursue a law degree. Rickey attended the University of Michigan, where he managed the school’s baseball team. Read more »

5, June 2015

World War I Artifacts and Memories: Charles Chouteau Johnson and the Lafayette Escadrille

As war raged across Europe between 1914 and 1917 the American military sat on the sidelines while the U.S. Government sustained its policy of neutrality. However, a number of Americans volunteered for service in foreign armies. Among these Americans was St. Louisan Charles Chouteau Johnson. He served in the famous Lafayette Escadrille, named in the honor of the Marquis de Lafayette, hero of the American Revolution. Read more »

15, May 2015

WWI Artifacts and Memories: An Artist Overseas

Often when learning about World War I the focus is on the men in the trenches. Visions of going “over the top” and charging headlong into no man’s land and certain doom are evoked. Though this was a common experience for many of soldiers who served during the First World War, it was far from the only experience. Read more »

7, May 2015

World War I Artifacts and Memories: Sinking of the Lusitania

May 7, 2015, marks 100 years since the sinking of the RMS Lusitania by German submarine U-20. A British passenger ship on its way from New York to Liverpool, England, the Lusitania was running a risk traveling through waters that were at the time declared a war zone by Germany. The sinking of the Lusitania was a watershed moment in the conflict, serving as a galvanizing force in the United States that eventually led to their declaration of war against Germany less than a year later. Read more »

9, April 2015

World War I Artifacts and Memories: St. Charles Car Company

Following the outbreak of war in Europe in 1914, industries across the United States recognized opportunity and began to shift their focus to building war materials for the belligerent nations. The St. Louis region was no exception, and from 1914 to 1918 an industrial boom ensued. One of the many companies in the area to benefit from government contracts was the St. Charles Car Company. Read more »