8, September 2017

Celebrating Scott Field's Centennial

After the US voted to enter World War I in April 1917, the need for military pilots grew, and those pilots had to have places to train. Aviator Albert Bond Lambert worked with local business leaders and government officials to secure 624 acres of land near Belleville, Illinois, to establish a training field for pilots, ground crew, and mechanics. The Unit Construction Company of St. Louis was hired to begin construction in June 1917 and immediately set to leveling the landing field, establishing a rail spur, and erecting dozens of buildings, including hangars and barracks. Read more »

29, July 2016

Leading the Way in War Work

Several women's organizations in St. Louis played pivotal roles in leading war-work efforts on the home front during World War I. Without these groups' backing, troops connected to the St. Louis region may not have retained the strength and morale needed to achieve success in the war. Read more »

7, May 2015

World War I Artifacts and Memories: Sinking of the Lusitania

May 7, 2015, marks 100 years since the sinking of the RMS Lusitania by German submarine U-20. A British passenger ship on its way from New York to Liverpool, England, the Lusitania was running a risk traveling through waters that were at the time declared a war zone by Germany. The sinking of the Lusitania was a watershed moment in the conflict, serving as a galvanizing force in the United States that eventually led to their declaration of war against Germany less than a year later. Read more »

29, August 2014

WWI Artifacts and Memories: The 805th Pioneer Infantry Bearcats

In May 1917, President Woodrow Wilson directed the organization of eight African American infantry regiments for service in WWI. One of these regiments, the 805th Pioneer Infantry, was raised at Camp Funston, Kansas, and included many Missourians. Nicknamed the “Bearcats,” the regiment arrived in France in September 1918. They were assigned to the Department of Light Railways and Roads, where they built and provided upkeep of roads and railroads behind the front lines. They served in this role, performing admirably, until the end of the war in 1918. Read more »