Since last writing on October 12, James and the other men in Union general Don Carlos Buell’s force continued to chase and skirmish with the troops of Confederate general Braxton Bragg, forcing them to evacuate Camp Dick Robinson, near Danville, Kentucky. On October 13, Buell learned that Bragg and his men were moving south, and Buell ordered his men to follow. Union general Thomas J. Wood’s division skirmished with the Confederates at Stanford, Kentucky, on the morning of October 14. That same day, the men of Union major general Charles C.Read more »
While researching Civil War documents, archivist Dennis Northcott came across dozens of letters describing the plight of the 55th Massachusetts infantry, the group of African American soldiers depicted in the 1989 Oscar-winning movie Glory. Watch the video to learn more and to hear an excerpt from one of the letters. Read more »
Following the battle at Perryville, Kentucky, and the retreat of Confederate general Braxton Bragg, the Union forces of General Don Carlos Buell continued their pursuit of Bragg and his men. The Sixth Division, commanded by Brigadier General Thomas J. Wood, engaged the enemy near Harrodsburg, Kentucky, on October 11, leading to another retreat by Bragg’s men. James and his company were not part of this skirmish, but they could hear cannons in the distance as they marched between Danville and Harrodsburg. Read more »
On October 8, 1862, James fought in his first battle at Perryville, Kentucky. Since his last letter on October 2, James and his regiment marched in the area between Mount Washington and Perryville. The men were part of a large force of Union troops—led by General Don Carlos Buell—that were chasing Confederate general Braxton Bragg and his men. Buell divided his forces into three columns. James was part of the 9th Division, III Corps, commanded by Major General Charles C. Gilbert, which was the center column that marched toward Perryville along the Springfield Pike.Read more »
In 1855, Ellen Gelling found herself far from home, penniless, and alone. A few years earlier, Ellen’s husband, her daughter Christina, and Christina’s husband had journeyed from their home on the Isle of Man seeking a new life in America. Ellen stayed behind with Christina’s grown daughter. When Ellen came over, she found that her husband and son-in-law had both died of fever. Christina, strained by the loss of her husband and father and saddened by her separation from her daughter and mother, broke under the emotional weight of her situation and was committed to the County Insane Asylum. Read more »
The 8th Kansas Infantry continued to march in pursuit of the forces under Confederate general Braxton Bragg, who was trying to take control of Kentucky. Since his last letter, James marched 22 miles to Mount Washington, Kentucky. On October 1, 1862, there was a skirmish on the Bardstown Pike, near Mount Washington.
Joe Johnston is a guest contributor who is writing articles related to the Civil War. To read others in the series, click here. His latest book, The Mack Marsden Murder Mystery, was published by the Missouri History Museum in 2011 and received a 2012 National Indie Excellence Award (True Crime category). Read more »
After completing his last letter, James marched 10 miles from Greenwood, Kentucky, to Louisville, where he wrote once again. He continues to express great disdain for Union major general Don Carlos Buell, and wishes that Buell could be replaced by Major General Ambrose Burnside or Major General Franz Sigel. James also mentions that, on September 29, 1862, the commander of his division, General Jefferson C. Davis, shot and killed Major General William Nelson after an argument.
Olympic Games are judged just as much as their events and athletes, and few Games have been as harshly criticized as those held in St. Louis in 1904.
The most accurate assessment of the St. Louis Games is likely that they were neither the overwhelming success that the organizers and local press made them out to be at the time nor the embarrassing failure that is most often portrayed today.
Left: American Martin Sheridan set a new Olympic record in discus. Photograph by Jessie Tarbox Beals, 1904. Missouri History Museum.
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